Tradition says that it’s been named after the Virgin Mary (rose of Mary) when she left her mantle on the bush and the next morning, her flowers had turned blue. In fact, its Latin name Rosmarinus means sea dew because it can live without watering if it is near the coast, only with the humidity coming from the sea.
When the goddess Aphrodite emerged from the sea, she was covered with rosemary and that was her gift to people, a symbol of beauty, wellness and youth elixir.
Ancient Greeks used it in celebrations and religious ceremonies, in temple decoration and as an incense.
It is mentioned by Dioscurides, who calls it "fourth incense" and Ovidius. The Romans, along with myrrh and laurel, made rosemary bouquets for the coronations, believing that it gives them a happy after life and was always at rituals and religious festivals.
Roman legions spread rosemary throughout Europe and passed into the New World in the late 1400s, along with the great seafarers.
In the late 14th century, in Budapest, it was prepared for the 70-year-old Princess of Hungary Elizabeth, who was almost paralyzed by rheumatism and arthritis, the "Water of Hungary", alcohol-based, as a youth elixir. Saved recipes refer to rosemary, perhaps cedar and brandy. It is said that the old lady was transformed into a beautiful young girl requested by the king of Poland for marriage.
As a symbol of memory, it has been used in funerals and in memory of war victims. It adorns Juliet's tomb and Ophelia gives Hamlet the rosemary so as not to forget her.
Sleeping Beauty, woke up from her deep sleep when the Prince stroked her cheek with a sprig of rosemary.
In a 12th-century French folk song, the Saracen king of Spain Balan and the knight Fierabras conquered Rome and stole two barrels containing the balm used for Jesus' dead body. This miraculous balm would cure everything. Don Quixote claims to know the recipe and tells Sancho Panza that the ingredients are oil, wine, salt and rosemary.
In the Middle Ages it was believed that rosemary grows alone in the court of righteous people. A small twig under the pillow banishes the nightmares, and at the door of the house is a spell that protects against witches. It was also used as a fortune-telling herb.
The newly married couples planted a branch of rosemary on their wedding day. If the branch were rooted, so would the marriage.
This beautiful shrub, which has for centuries been a symbol of memory and remembrance, has important preservative properties. Whole branches of rosemary were discovered in mummies, which were placed by the balsamers for maintenance or as a ritual material.Monk Agapios suggests it as a wine preservative and drinking water purifier
On Christmas Eve, rosemary was sprinkled on the floor, and as the fragrance spread through the air, it brought health and happiness to the new year.
In the great plague of London in 1665 an epidemic that killed about 100,000 people, rosemary was one of the herbs that took a very high market price for people to carry it with them, in bags, in scarves, and even on the sticks' handles, and inhaled them to be protected from the disease. But in another major plague epidemic in Toulouse in 1630, some thieves were caught plundering the city's homes, without being affected by the disease. In their trial, they embraced their lives in exchange for the secret of their immunity, which was an ointment of rosemary, sage and lavender. The formulation became known as "the oil of 4 thieves".
Rosemary is believed to emit atmospheric fumes when burned, so it is one of the oldest incense and has been used for centuries to purify air in patient wards, mainly in French hospitals during World War II, to kill the germs. They even burned it in churches, courts, and other public places for its antiseptic properties.
Rosemary plays a leading role in gastronomy and botany in the daily life of the Mediterranean peoples. Loved by French cuisine and its essential oil is used in aromatherapy for circulatory problems, for headaches, fatigue, skin infections, muscle aches, for improving memory and enhancing mental clarity.
The rosmarinic acid, contained in large quantities in rosemary, was isolated and observed in 1958 by M. Scarpatti and G. Oriente. It is one of the most widely used and highly antioxidant activity of polyphenolic acids. It has protective effect and acts as a free radical scanner, enhancing the body's endogenous defense mechanisms. Also, rosemary acid retards the production of toxins.
This ingredient is been proven to affect the part of the brain associated with mental mood. Therefore, it is beneficial for depression, anxiety, tension, anxiety and generally for the treatment of nervous system disorders. It is effective in insomnia cases and has been shown to be helpful in Alzheimer's patients.
Modern studies have shown that along with the other active ingredient in rosemary, carnosic acid, it can protect the brain from stroke, as well as the symptoms of natural brain aging.
Stimulates the brain's nervous system and improves blood flow to the head. It has traditionally been associated with memory enhancement and contains substances that stop the degradation of acetylcholine, a substance that is an important neurotransmitter.
Rosemary also contains carnosol and ursolic acid, substances known to prevent melanoma and skin cancer. It is high in iron, calcium and vitamin B6.
It is extremely tonic and spasmolytic while having a regulatory effect on biliary secretion.
It has a mild anti-inflammatory effect, helps relieve asthma, eczema, arthritis and other inflammatory conditions. It is not one of the herbs that give better and faster results in reducing inflammation, but rosemary has a significant effect on its action.
Because, as we said, it calms stress-related hormones, it has the ability to help against adrenal fatigue (which makes us feel unexplained fatigue), reduce cortisol levels, and calm us when we experience stressful situations and stress
Boosts hair growth by stimulating blood circulation to the scalp and helps to treat the symptoms of chronic indigestion